The Great Wildebeest Migration - the annual migration of giant herds of grazers across northern Tanzania and Kenya is a truly spectacular event. Over two million wildebeest, zebras and gazelles move through the Serengeti and Masai Mara ecosystems in search of green pasture, in a regular pattern. This is surely one of the greatest wonders of the natural world.
This should be used as a general guide (see our interactive map opposite) and download our offline guide
here, and as a good basis for choosing the location of your hotel, camp or lodge. However, as with anything in nature, the actual day to day pattern is remarkably unpredictable - the wildebeest haven't checked the maps unfortunately and have their own ideas!
If you would like to safari at the heart of the Great Wildebeest Migration, the best approach is to book one of the Serengeti's famous mobile camps. Two in particular set themselves apart from the others for their commitment to keeping up with the herds - Nomad Tanzania's Serengeti Safari Camp
and &Beyond's Serengeti Under Canvas
. These are the two mobile operations which we consider truly mobile and will be located near or amongst the herds at any time of the year. Then there are the mobile camps of Alex Walker's Serian
, Asilia's Olakira
which offer superb mobile operations from July to November, and from December through to March. For the rest of the year these fabulous camps are closed.
If going mobile is a little too adventurous for you, then the Serengeti has various permanent lodges that will offer all the creature comforts you need together with a good location to see the herds on your Tanzania safari. Here is an overview of the movement of the herds, and the best permanent lodges to stay at for each each time of year.
The Serengeti Wildebeest migration
December to March
The Southern Serengeti's huge grass plains extend into the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. From December to March the Serengeti Migration congregates around Lake Ndutu in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. When it reaches the area the herd splits up and spreads out leaving wildebeest herds as far as the eye can see. Ndutu Lodge
are the only permanent lodges in the area; Kusini is best towards the end of the period whereas Ndutu Lodge works throughout. Asilia's Dunia
Camp is also a good option at the beginning of December and again when the herds push north in March.
April to May
The Wildebeest migration moves north into the plains of the southern Serengeti with front runners stretching out to the Western Corridor and centre of the park at Seronera. Asilia's Dunia Camp is a great option at this time as are any of the central Serengeti hotels such as the Serena
. Early herds may well have pushed up to the Grumeti River Camp
and Mbalageti Lodge
area of the Western Corridor.
By June there are wildebeest herds spread from the Western corridor through the heart of the park. One group tends to head West into the Western Corridor and crosses the Grumeti River before leaving the park and entering the exclusive Singita Grumeti Reserves. This herd will then head up through the Ikorongo game reserve on the Serengeti's Western corridor before the front runners arrive into the Kogatende area in July. The other herds head directly to the north of the Serengeti, passing straight up the middle through Seronera, Lobo and up to the Bologonja river area near the Eastern border with the Loliondo reserve at Kleins
. It is true to say that at this time herds can be anywhere from the Western corridor through to the Eastern side of the park. Splinter herds will break from the main herds, covering huge areas in their search for fresh grasses. We would recommend Grumeti River Camp, Faru Faru
Lodge and Kirawira
for the Western corridor, whereas some herds will have pushed up as far as Migration camp
in the Northern Lobo area. Late July will see any of the Kogatende permanent lodges having good herds, Serengeti Lamai
and Sayari Camp
being the places to go towards the end of July.
August through to October
From August through to October the herds are in the Northern Serengeti at Kogatende as well as in Kenya’s Masai Mara. River crossings often happen daily here. With only a fraction of the visitor numbers that flock to the Mara, Kogatende is an exceptional destination. Given that the herds are simply following local rainfall, some move north, some move south… and many move in both directions in the same day. The sprawling mass moves in a circular fashion throughout these months – and as a result this is a fantastic time of year to see the herds.
In late October and November the herds start their second Great Migration south towards the fertile lands of the Ndutu plains where the rains will have rejuvenated the grasses since the herds were last there earlier in the year. This can be a tricky time to catch the mega herd, as it covers vast distances every day.
By the beginning of December, the herds are returning to Ndutu to calve, and the whole process is ready to start all over again.
However, we must reiterate….wildebeest are not the most predictable of animals! The Migration is also entirely dependent upon rain, with the herds constantly searching for fresh grasses. As a result, it is a challenge to predict with any confidence where the herds will be during any particular week, and therefore to decide where best to stay. Our migration map is a great indicator of what the herds are 'supposed' to do throughout the year; choosing a permanent camp for your Tanzania safari that is located in the 'right' area for the time of year will clearly increase your chances, but there are no guarantees. Once again, the very best way to catch the herds is to stay in one of the Serengeti’s famous mobile camps, which move with the herds.
While we try and make our website as comprehensive as possible, if you would like some more background information on the Great Migration, or Tanzania in general, have a read through the Cadogan Guide to Tanzania and Zanzibar
, written by our director Annabel. The most recent edition was published in 2005 so some of it might be slightly dated but generally it’s as comprehensive as they come.